Gettier problem

paper title: 

HOW TO MOORE A GETTIER: NOTES ON THE DARK SIDE OF KNOWLEDGE (pages 133–140)

paper type: 
article
paper author: 

Rodrigo BORGES

paper author family name: 

BORGES

paper abstract: 

ABSTRACT: The Gettier Problem and Moore’s Paradox are related in a way that is unappreciated by philosophers. If one is in a Gettier situation, then one is also in a Moorean situation. The fact that S is in a Gettier situation (the fact that S is “Gettiered”), like the fact that S is in a Moorean situation (the fact that S is “Moored”), cannot (in the logical sense of “cannot”) be known by S while S is in that situation. The paper starts the job of mapping what can be said about this feature of Gettier situations. The goal is to stimulate further exploration into this yet uncharted territory.

paper issue: 
16

TOWARD A SEMANTIC APPROACH IN EPISTEMOLOGY (pages 531-543)

Submitted by logos on Fri, 12/28/2012 - 10:45
paper title: 

TOWARD A SEMANTIC APPROACH IN EPISTEMOLOGY (pages 531-543)

paper type: 
article
paper author: 

Arnold CUSMARIU

paper author family name: 

CUSMARIU

paper abstract: 

ABSTRACT: Philosophers have recognized for some time the usefulness of semantic conceptions of truth and belief. That the third member of the knowledge triad, evidence, might also have a useful semantic version seems to have been overlooked. This paper corrects that omission by defining a semantic conception of evidence for science and mathematics and then developing a semantic conception of knowledge for these fields, arguably mankind’s most important knowledge repository. The goal is to demonstrate the advantages of having an answer to the more modest question “What is necessary and sufficient for introducing a knowledge predicate into scientific and mathematical languages?” – as contrasted with the ambitious Platonic question “What is knowledge?” After presenting the theory, the paper responds to a wide range of objections stemming from traditional philosophical concerns. 

paper issue: 
10
paper title: 

JUSTIFICATION AND TRUTH CONDITIONS IN THE CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE (pages 429-447)

paper type: 
article
paper author: 

Dale JACQUETTE

paper author family name: 

JACQUETTE

paper abstract: 

ABSTRACT: The traditional concept of propositional knowledge as justified true belief (JTB), even when modified, typically in its justification condition, to avoid Gettier-type counterexamples, remains subject to a variety of criticisms. The redefinition proposed here puts pressure more specifically on the concept of truth as redundant in light of and inaccessible beyond the most robust requirements of best justification. Best-J is defined as justification for believing in a proposition’s truth where there is no better countermanding justification for believing instead the proposition’s negation. A pragmatic perspective argues that truth is unnecessary and unattainable as a condition of knowledge beyond the requirement for practically attainable best justified belief. The key argument with respect to the eliminability of the truth condition in favor of a properly tailored justification condition is that there is nothing we do or can do in trying to satisfy the truth condition for knowledge beyond considering the epistemic merits of the justification that a believer accepts in coming to believe that the proposition is true.

paper issue: 
9

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