naturalism

RETHINKING THE A PRIORI/A POSTERIORI DISTINCTION (pages 261-277)

Submitted by logos on Wed, 06/27/2012 - 14:58
paper title: 

RETHINKING THE A PRIORI/A POSTERIORI DISTINCTION (pages 261-277)

paper type: 
article
paper author: 

Jennifer Wilson MULNIX

paper author family name: 

MULNIX

paper abstract: 

ABSTRACT: This paper offers an account of the a priori/a posteriori distinction utilizing the insights of reliabilism, focusing on the inputs to reliable belief-forming processes. I propose that a belief possesses a priori justification if it is the result of a reliable belief-producing process whose input is ‘non-sensory’ and the reliability of this process does not ‘causally depend’ on the reliability of a prior process taking in ‘sensory’ input. One of the interesting consequences of this account is in the treatment of introspective knowledge of one’s belief-states; it was classically considered a posteriori, but comes out a priori on this model. 

paper issue: 
8
paper title: 

BELIEF IN NATURALISM: AN EPISTEMOLOGIST’S PHILOSOPHY OF MIND (pages 67-84)

paper type: 
article
paper author: 

Susan HAACK

paper author family name: 

HAACK

paper abstract: 

ABSTRACT: My title, “Belief in Naturalism,” signals, not that I adopt naturalism as an article of faith, but that my purpose in this paper is to shed some light on what belief is, on why the concept of belief is needed in epistemology, and how all this relates to debates about epistemological naturalism. After clarifying the many varieties of naturalism, philosophical and other (section 1), and then the various forms of epistemological naturalism specifically (section 2), I offer a theory of belief in which three elements – the behavioral, the neurophysiological, and the socio-historical – interlock (section 3), and apply this theory to resolve some contested questions: about whether animals and pre-linguistic infants have beliefs, about the fallibility of introspection, and about self-deception (section 4).

paper issue: 
1

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